Heterogenous clinical syndrome in which the central feature is chronic elevation of the blood glucose concentration results in a range of pathologies. Due to a deficiency of insulin or a resistance to insulin. The chronic hyperglycaemia is associated with long term tissue damage, especially the blood vessels, nerves, heart, kidneys and eyes.
Podiatric profession and the important role that podiatry plays in the management of the person with diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is common in developed countries, is becoming more common in developing countries and is important because of the burden it places on the individual and on society.
Polyuric state described in Ebers papyrus from 1550BC. Aretaeus of Cappadocia first used the term “diabetes” in second century AD.