Carbachol (carbamylcholine) is a cholinomimetic drug that binds and activates acetylcholine receptors and is primarily used for ophthalmic conditions such as glaucoma or during ophthalmic surgery to decrease intraocular pressure and it is administered as eye drops. It is sometimes used for urinary retention. Carbachol is parasympathomimetic that acts as an agonist of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. It is a more potent parasympathetic agent with a longer duration of action but has more side effects.
Like the muscarinic receptor agonists, carbachol is contraindicated in patients with asthma, coronary insufficiency, gastroduodenal ulcers, and incontinence as the parasympathomimetic action of it drug will exacerbate the symptoms of these types of problems
Trade names: Miostat (Alcon, Inc), Carbastat (Mylan Pharmaceuticals)
Chemical Formula: C6H15ClN2O2
Other Cholinergic agonists:
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