Psychological risk factors
A number of psychological factors are assumed to increase the risk for injury:
eg death of spouse; moving house; daily hassles
Minor hassles and irritations have been shown to increase risk for injury
Some players more willing to take risks “put the body on the line” increased potential for injury. Type A people (aggressive, hard-driving, ruled by the clock, obsessed with accomplishing more) tend to have more health problems and are more predisposed to athletic injury than Type B people (relaxed, easy-going, optimistic, moderate). Runners with a Type A personality have been reported as having more injuries and is more common in those who developed tibial stress fractures .
Tendency to be nervous or anxious in stressful situations – may be from pressure to succeed or from fear of harm/injury greater risk for injury. Appropriate levels of anxiety are necessary for peak performance, but too much can be problematic.
State of Mind:
Athletes with higher positive states of mind (staying focused, keeping relaxed, and sharing with others) have been shown to be at less risk for injury .
Management of psychological risk factors:
Coach, teammates and health professionals need to recognise them put in place social support mechanisms to assist players/competitors.