• swimmers are at increased risk for fungal (eg tinea pedis) and viral (eg verrucae pedis) infection due to moist environment and barefoot that facilitates transmission of the infective agents
• swimmers are at greater risk of extensor tendonitis in the anterior ankle/dorsal foot region
• the plantarflexed position of the feet during most swim strokes, predisposes swimmers to the development of an ankle joint equinus  foot compensates during gait  increased risk for foot pathology.
• common cause of heel pain in inexperienced swimmers is the knocking of the heel onto the edge of the pool during a misjudged turn

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