There are many forms and types of martial arts – each requires differing degrees of ballistic activity, balance, timing and co-ordination. They are becoming an increasingly popular form of competitive sport and recreation. Injuries can occur when do not use correct technique. Up to 25% report foot injury in any one year in those involving kicking actions.
Bruises most common foot problem
Toe contusions and digital dislocations
Plantar fasciitis is reported as being common (probably due to lack of support from footwear)
In kendo, ground reaction forces during attacking actions was found to be four times body weight during the barefoot activity .
The orthoses management of the foot in martial arts is similar to ballet & dance.