Ad hominem

ad homineum
The argumentum ad hominem comes from the Latin phrase meaning “to the person”. It is a logical fallacy that occurs when one person attacks the person that is making an argument rather than the actual argument itself. This usually means that the character, motives, or some characteristic of the person making the argument is attacked rather than directly attacking the argument. The aim is that if you can attribute a bad trait or characteristic to the person making the argument then others will doubt the argument. This way they use the ad hominem argument to get the argument or claim dismissed on something irrelevant to the argument.

Trying to equate someone’s character or personal traits with how sound or spported their argument is, is a logical fallacy.

The formal way of stating this is:

A makes claim X
There is something objectionable about A
Therefore X is false

The shill gambit is a classic ad hominem fallacy.

Related Topics:
‘Ad Hominem’ Print
‘Personal Attack ≠ Argument’ T-shirt
Tu quoque fallacy

Pick Your Logical Fallacy:

Ad hominemBandwagon fallacyCherry PickingFalse AnalogyGalileo Gambit
Appeal to Authority FallacyBurden of Proof FallacyConfirmation BiasFalse BalanceNatural Fallacy
Appeal to ignoranceFalse EquivalenceSlippery Slope FallacyFalse Dilemma or DichotomyNon sequitur
Appeal to Novelty FallacySpecial pleading logical fallacyStraw ManTautologyPost hoc ergo propter hoc
Appeal to Tradition FallacyThe Moving GoalpostWishful Thinking FallacyShill GambitAmbiguity Fallacy
Post Hoc FallacyShoehorningMotivated reasoningCausal IllusionsCognitive Biases
It's Just a TheoryTu quoque fallacy‘It worked for me’ FallacyArgument by AnalogySunk Cost

logical fallacies
Critical Thinking For DummiesAn Illustrated Book of Bad ArgumentsThe Critical Thinker's DictionaryLogically FallaciousNonsense Red Herrings Straw Men and Sacred Cows
Critical Thinking Skills For DummiesAn Illustrated Book of Bad ArgumentsThe Critical Thinker's Dictionary: Biases, Fallacies, and Illusions and What You Can Do About ThemLogically Fallacious: The Ultimate Collection of Over 300 Logical FallaciesNonsense: Red Herrings, Straw Men and Sacred Cows: How We Abuse Logic in Our Everyday Language

Comments are closed.