Purpose is to protect against infectious illness in children and reduce the potential for spread of infectious diseases. Routine immunisation is universally accepted as a fundamental step in the prevention of many childhood diseases.
As a result of immunisation small pox has been eradicated, polio has been eliminated from western countries and there has been a dramatic reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus and diptheria.
Vaccines promote the synthesis of antibodies that are directed against bacteria and viruses.
Routine of childhood vaccinations:
• recommendations change regularly due to vaccine improvements and changes to protocols.
Vaccines are safe but there can be mild reactions – serious reactions are rare
eg autism and MMR; diabetes