Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation begins when all the neurological impairments and functional deficits have been identified/documented. Objectives then developed and rehabilitation tools used to achieve the objectives.

Range of motion exercises:
Range of motion should be maintained in all joints affected by neurological diseases. Skeletal muscle loose tone if not used and joints can develop contractures  passive range of motion exercise used to overcome these deleterious effects of immobility.

Dysphagia therapy:
Muscles of swallowing are be affected by many neurological disorders  speech therapy

Incontinence therapy:
Loss of control of bladder emptying and bowel control is common in neurological conditions  important part of neurorehabilitation program.

Neuromuscular re-education:
Patients are trained to use their joints and muscles efficiently.
More than just exercise – co-ordinated use of all structures that is involved in desired movements.

Sensory re-education:
Restoration of sensory appreciation is just as important as motor education.

Gait training:
Ultimate goal of neuromuscular re-education is achieving a satisfactory gait.

Orthoses:
Used to support, brace, control, immobilise body segments.

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