Fungal Infections

Fungal Infections

Cutaneous and nail:
See Dermatology chapter

Mycetoma/Madura Foot:
• chronic fungal infection of deep tissues and bones
• from fungi of two groups – Eumycetes and Actinomycetes
• fungus usually introduced by puncture wound (most commonly the foot)
• starts as painless swelling at site  grows and spreads  penetrates to bone
• minimal pain

Histoplasmosis:
• due to Histoplasmosis capsulatum.
• caused by inhalation of infected dust
• most infection are subclinical; if clinical  fever, chills, cough, chest pain, fatigue, dyspnoea
• if disseminated  fever, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, lesions in gut, brain, heart and lungs

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