Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

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Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion:

The 1st International Conference on Health Promotion in Ottawa (1986) had a definition of health promotion and identified 5 key areas for action:

“Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical mental and social wellbeing, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource fo everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes beyond healthy lifestyles to wellbeing”

Five areas for health promotion action:
1. Building healthy public policy
2. Creating supportive environments
3. Strengthening community action
4. Developing personal skills
5. Reorientating the health service

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