Oedema

Oedema results from fluid movement across capillary walls into the tissue spaces.

Aetiology:
1) Bilateral:
• Congestive heart failure
• Nephrotic syndrome
• acute glomerulonephritis
• cirrhosis
• hypoproteinaemia
• menstrual cycle related cyclic oedema
• lipidaemia
• drugs (
• primary lymphoedema
2) Unilateral:
• chronic venous insufficiency
• superficial thrombophlebitis
• deep vein thrombosis
• lymphoedema
• lymphangitis
• infection
• trauma
• vascular anomalies (eg arteriovenous fistula)
• tumours
• popliteal cyst
• Baker’s cyst
• compartment syndrome

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