Genu varum / Bow legs

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Genu varum / Bow legs

Separation between the knees when standing with the ankles together, indicates genu varum.
Normal finding from birth to 2 years. Most below the age of 3 will resolve spontaneously.

When standing intercondylar distance can be measured in cm or fingerbreadths.

Differential diagnosis of non-correcting genu varum: – rickets, Blount’s disease, metaphyseal dysostosis, premature closure of epiphysis (eg trauma).

Foot will pronate excessively to get medial side of foot to the ground  may need to protect foot, if severe, with orthoses.

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