Genu varum / Bow legs
Separation between the knees when standing with the ankles together, indicates genu varum.
Normal finding from birth to 2 years. Most below the age of 3 will resolve spontaneously.
When standing intercondylar distance can be measured in cm or fingerbreadths.
Differential diagnosis of non-correcting genu varum: - rickets, Blount’s disease, metaphyseal dysostosis, premature closure of epiphysis (eg trauma).
Foot will pronate excessively to get medial side of foot to the ground may need to protect foot, if severe, with orthoses.