Developmental Milestones

Wikis > Paediatrics > Development > Developmental Milestones

Developmental Milestones

Growth and development needs to be understood to monitor a child’s progress, to identify delays, and to advise parents.

1 month:
Spontaneous motor activity generalised; holds head up slightly when prone and can rotate head to either side; poor supine head control; beginning to notice surroundings; follow objects to midline; rounded back (flexed) when sitting; holds hands tightly clasped; reciprocal kicking when supine

2 months:
Motor activity generalised; smiles and coos socially; follows objects past midline; raises head and chest when prone – can hold position.

3 months:
Follows well with eyes; may wave at toy; beginning to regard hands – can hold hands in front of face; Good control of head when prone and looking around – can follow an object; Head control improved when in sitting position; Moro’s reflex disappearing; Smiles – coos in a more sustained fashion; kicking when supine

4 months:
Beginning to reach for toys symmetrically; Regards toys and may pull them to mouth; removes cloth from face; control of head good when sitting – looks around; plays with hands; laughs; rolls from prone to supine

6 months:
Reaches with either hand and begins to transfer objects; elevates trunk with elbow extension; rolls over; may sit briefly when placed in sitting position; laughs and plays with examiner; rolls from supine to prone and back; can bring feet to mouth

8 months:
Sits alone and unsupported – can raise self to sitting; beginning to creep reciprocally; vocalises with infantile rhythms and polysyllabic vowel sounds; regards self in mirror

10 months:
Crawls reciprocally; pulls up on rail; may begin to cruise with external support; uses thumb and index finger in opposition; may say ‘mama’ or ‘dada’; feeds self biscuits and holds own bottle.

12 months:
Walks with support; stands alone; places cube in cup; tries to build tower of two cubes; may have two words in addition to ‘mama’ or ‘dada’; begins to feed self with fingers

15 months:
Walks alone; creeps upstairs; 4 to 5 word vocabulary; pats picture; drinks from a cup; beginning to feed self with a spoon; makes wants known by pointing or vocalising

18 months:
Walks well; sits on a chair; throws a ball; climbs on furniture; stacks 3 – 4 cubes; 10 word vocabulary; begins to identify pictures; pulls toys on string; may be toilet trained during day

2 years:
Runs well; negotiates steps one at a time; jump off low step; uses pronouns and 3 word sentences; feeds self with a spoon; refers to self by name; toilet trained during day; can kick ball forward and throw ball overhand

2.5 years:
Can jump of step with one foot landing; can mount a tricycle; undresses self partially; attempts to put on socks; draws horizontal or vertical lines but does not cross them; refers to self as ‘I’; knows full name; helps to put things away

3 years:
Alternates feet going up stairs; jumps off step with two feet landing; pedals tricycle; builds tower of cubes; names drawings; uses plurals and obeys propositional commands; feeds self well; buttons clothes and puts on shoes

4 years:
Runs and climbs well; walks downstairs alternating feet; hops on one foot; throws a ball overhead; attempts to catch a ball or kick it in the air; pedals tricycle rapidly; draws a man with head, trunk and arms or legs; counts 3 objects; names one or more colours

5 years:
Skips, alternating feet; draws man; copies a square, cross, and a circle; dresses and undresses without assistance; knows the name of 4 or more colours; counts to 10 or higher

6 years:
Draws a man with hands and clothes; repeats 4 digits; knows morning and afternoon; knows left from right
Find Weird and Wonderful Books at AbeBooks

We have not yet got to this page to finish it yet. We will eventually. Please contact us if you have something to contribute to it or sign up for our newsletter or like us on Facebook and Instagram or follow us on Twitter.

Page last updated: Jul 28, 2022 @ 10:11 pm

Comments are closed.