Affect non-athletes frequently.
Describes a muscle condition characterised by an involuntary painful visible contraction of a muscle with a sudden onset and quick resolution. Can occur during exercise, rest or sleep.
• Inadequate conditioning
• Electrolyte imbalances (rare)
• playing surface (more common on artificial than grass)
• Fatigue (more common towards end of game, especially overtime)
Exact cause is not known, but most likely a combination of the above risk factors.
Acute – sustained stretching of cramping muscle with contraction of antagonist and massage affected muscle. Fluid replacement (usually water) is important. Salt tablets are contraindicated.
Exercise-associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC)