Cramps

Wikis > Orthopaedics > Cramps

http://www.runnersworld.com/injury-prevention-recovery/inside-the-doctors-office-cut-out-cramps
http://drbriansmart.com/exercise-associated-muscle-cramps-causes-prevention-and-treatment/
http://sportsscientists.com/2007/11/muscle-cramps-part-i/
http://www.outsideonline.com/2085626/end-muscle-cramps

 

Muscle Cramps

Affect non-athletes frequently.
Describes a muscle condition characterised by an involuntary painful visible contraction of a muscle with a sudden onset and quick resolution. Can occur during exercise, rest or sleep.

Risk factors:
• Hypoglycaemia
• Inadequate conditioning
• Electrolyte imbalances (rare)
• Overexertion
• playing surface (more common on artificial than grass)
• Dehydration
• Fatigue (more common towards end of game, especially overtime)

Exact cause is not known, but most likely a combination of the above risk factors.

Treatment:
Acute – sustained stretching of cramping muscle with contraction of antagonist and massage affected muscle. Fluid replacement (usually water) is important. Salt tablets are contraindicated.

Related Topics:
Exercise-associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC)

Sub Topics:

 
Comments are closed.