Liver Disease Clinical Features

Wikis > General Medicine > Liver Disorders > Liver Disease Clinical Features

Liver Disease Clinical Features

Jaundice (icterus):
Yellowish (or greenish) discolouration of the skin and other tissues due to excess circulating bilirubin (usually plasma levels >μmol/l). Due to increased production or impaired excretion.
3 types – prehepatic, hepatic, posthepatic
Most common causes:
• prehepatic (haemolysis, haematoma, Gilbert’s disease)
• hepatic (viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis)
• posthepatic/obstructive (gallstones, carcinoma)

Hepatomegaly:
Liver enlargement  indicates a primary or secondary liver disease

Portal Hypertension:
Increased blood pressure in the portal venous system; most case have no clear cause; identified causes include sepsis, cirrhosis, thrombosis, trauma, drugs;
Causes splenomegaly

Ascites:
Accumulation of free fluid in the peritoneal cavity – indicates a chronic or subacute condition. Most commonly due to malignancy, cardiac failure or cirrhosis.
Clinically – distended abdomen; fullness feeling;

We have not yet got to this page. We will eventually. Please contact us if you have something to contribute to it or sign up for our newsletter or like us on Facebook and Instagram or follow us on Twitter.

Page last updated: Jul 17, 2022 @ 2:52 am

Comments are closed.