Gallstones/Cholelithiasis

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Gallstones/Cholelithiasis

Affects up to 7% of females and 15% of males.

Two types – cholesterol stones and pigmentary stones

Aetiology:

Clinical features:
Most asymptomatic, 10%  symptomatic
Biliary colic, cholecystitis

Complications – occlusion ( cholecystitis); empyema of gallbladder; pancreatitis; neoplasm

Treatment:
Surgical removal (cholecystectomy); bile acid administration for dissolving; lithotripsy

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