Menopause

Menopause

By definition – menopause is the last natural menstrual period. Average age of 51 years

Vasomotor symptoms
- most develop some form of vasomotor instability prior to onset
- ? effects on Raynaud’s or chilblains

Consequences of menopause:
possibly increased risk for coronary heart disease (studies have different conclusions)
osteoporosis
increase in LDL’s
oestrogen has a vasodilatory action endothelium (may be direct or via intermediaries)
elevated levels of fibrinogen (risk factor for ischaemic disease)

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