Hernia

Hernia:
Protrusion of the abdominal contents through the abdominal wall.

Most common:
• inguinal hernia (protrudes through inguinal canal  extends into subcutaneous tissue or scrotum)
• femoral hernia (through femoral canal)
• periumbilical hernia (through abdominal wall, around umbilicus)
• diaphragmatic/hiatal hernia (through hiatus of diaphragm  extends into thoracic cavity)

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