Diseases of the oral cavity

Wikis > General Medicine > Gastroenterology > Diseases of the oral cavity

Diseases of the oral cavity

Dental caries (‘tooth decay’):
• more common in children and adolescents
• mediated by oral saprophytic bacteria

Periodontal disease:

inflammation of mouth – often in course of systemic disease

• shallow painful ulcers on tongue or mucosa; most heal without scarring
• occur in 20% of healthy population’ associated with Crohn’s disease. coeliac’s disease, Bechet’s syndrome
• treatment – may be self-limiting; hydrocortisone lozenges held on ulcer can help

Oral candidiasis/thrush:
• fungal infection that causes creamy-white patches on mucosa – usually surrounded by border of erythema

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