Events in the gait cycle

Wikis > Biomechanics > Gait > Events in the gait cycle

Events in the gait cycle:
• Initial contact – first contact of the foot with the ground (usually heel contact)
• Forefoot contact – first contact of the forefoot with the ground
• Foot flat – the time at which both the heel and forefoot are both in contact with ground
• Heel off – the time at which the heel first leaves the ground
• Toe off – the final contact of the foot with the ground

Phases in the gait cycle:
• Stance phase – time between initial contact and toe off
• Swing phase – time between toe off and initial contact
• Single support phase – phase during which only one foot is in contact with the ground
• Double support phase – phase during which both feet are in contact with the ground
• Initial double support or loading phase – phase from initial contact on the ipsilateral limb to toe off on the contralateral limb
• Terminal double support or push off phase – phase from initial contact on the contralateral limb to toes off on the ipsilateral limb
• Flight or non-support phase – phase of non-contact during running
• Weight acceptance – phase from initial contact to maximum knee flexion on the stance limb
• Midstance – phase between weight acceptance and push off
• Push off – phase in late stance during which the ankle plantarflexes
• Lift off – early phase of swing between toe off and midswing
• Reach – late swing phase between midswing and initial contact

Temporal parameters of gait:
• Cadence – number of steps per unit time (eg steps per minute)
• Stride time or duration – time for one complete stride
• Step time or duration – time for one complete step
• Stride frequency – number of strides per unit time (eg strides per minute)
• Walking speed- speed= distance/time

Spatial parameters of gait:
• Step length – distance between successive foot placements
• Stride length – distance travelled in one complete stride

We have not yet got to this page. We will eventually. Please contact us if you have something to contribute to it or sign up for our newsletter or like us on Facebook and Instagram or follow us on Twitter.

Page last updated: @ 7:47 pm

Comments are closed.