Short foot exercise

Revision for “Short foot exercise” created on September 6, 2017 @ 13:12:18

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Short foot exercise
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The <strong>Short foot exercise</strong> (SFE) was first made popular by Janda and is claimed to strengthen the intrinsic foot muscles (mostly the <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/anatomy/muscles/abductor-hallucis/">abductor hallucis</a>) and enhance motor control of the intrinsic <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/anatomy/muscles/">foot muscles</a>, especially for those with <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/flat-and-pronated-feet/">flat or pronated feet</a> and to make the feet stronger. There is a lot of rhetoric and misunderstandings about the use of the short foot exercise and a lot of unsubstantiated claims made for it. There is either no relationship or a weak relation between arch height and muscle strength (see: <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/overpronation/overpronation-and-muscle-strength/">Foot Arches and Muscle Strength</a>). The short foot exercise is carried out by shortening the distance between the heel and the base of the hallux by sliding the forefoot posteriorly along the ground. The clinician can use their hands to physically move the forefoot into the "short" position to demonstrate the exercise. It is probably better to start off the exercise seated and later progress to standing and then single limb stance position. As the arch is raised to slide the hallux backwards, it is important to not curl the toes while doing this. The position is held for 6-8 seconds and then repeated an increasing number of times as progress is made. As an option or variation, the foot can be alternated in abducted and adducted positions while doing the exercise. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDitRaQRxs4 No outcome studies have assessed the efficacy of the short foot exercise to do what gets claimed for it. <strong>Research on or using the Short Foot Exercise</strong>: [table id=61 /] <strong>Commentary</strong>: <ul> <li>some clinicians and 'non-experts' '<em>hang their hat</em>' on using the short foot exercise to "cure" <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/flat-and-pronated-feet/">flat or pronated feet</a>. This will only work if a weakness of the abductor hallucis muscle is the cause of the flat or pronated foot. It is a rare cause. See <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/research/pseudoscience/dunning-kruger-effect/">Dunning–Kruger effect</a> and also <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/overpronation/overpronation-and-muscle-strength/">Foot Arches and Muscle Strength</a>.</li> <li>the exercise would be useful for dealing with deficits in intrinsic muscle strength (see: <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/orthopaedics/plantar-fasciitis/plantar-fasciitis-and-muscle-strength/">plantar fasciitis and muscle strength</a>)</li> <li>the exercise has been suggested as being used for <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/orthopaedics/lessor-digital-deformities/claw-toe/">claw toes</a>, but no effectiveness data is available and this remains speculative</li> <li>some will have difficulty doing this exercise due to the orientation of joint axes and relevant lever arms. This will erroneously interpreted as a weakness and an indication that they need to do more of the exercise by those unfamiliar with this</li> </ul> {openx:262} <strong>External Links</strong>: <a href="https://podiatryarena.com/index.php?articles/short-foot-exercise.8/">Short Foot Exercise</a> (Podiatry Arena) <strong>Related Topics</strong>: <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/orthopaedics/first-mpj-disorders/bunions/exercises-for-hallux-valgus/">Exercises for Hallux valgus</a> | <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/foot-core/">Foot Core</a> | <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/flat-and-pronated-feet/">'Flat and Pronated' Feet</a> | <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/biomechanics/clinical-biomechanics/concepts/overpronation/overpronation-and-muscle-strength/">Overpronation and Muscle Strength</a> | <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/physical-therapies/exercise-therapy/muscle-strength-therapy/foot-strengthening-exercises/">Foot strengthening exercises</a> Page last updated: [last-modified]
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