Calcaneus

Revision for “Calcaneus” created on January 20, 2018 @ 00:15:00

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Calcaneus
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<iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/uWAkdzuJXMc" height="360" width="640" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0"></iframe> <iframe width="480" height="360" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/irPs3UVvhYU" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Historically referred to as the os calcis. Largest bone in foot. Provide lever arm for achilles tendon. Medial side has projection – sustentaculum tali with plantar groove for tendon of flexor hallucis longus Dorsal surface – 3 (varies) articular facets for articulating with talus via subtalar or talocalcaneal joint Lateral surface – fibular or peroneal tubercle (variable size and shape) – attachment for central slip of inferior fibular retinaculum. Ossification: - has primary centre in body and secondary centre at posterior aspect - primary centre appears 3rd intrauterine month – usually starts as two centres that fuse before birth (May remain bipartite after birth in Down Syndrome). Secondary centre appears 6th to 8th year - centres fuse at about 14 yrs (female) and 16 yrs (male) Blood supply – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29346737?dopt=Abstract <strong>Related Topics</strong>: <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/wiki/anatomy/bones/foot-bones/os-calcis/">Os Calcis</a> http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0134603 <table style="border: 1px solid black;"> <tbody> <tr> <td>This page needs more work to develop it further. Please consider contributing to the project. New editors and authors are always welcome. Please <a href="https://podiapaedia.org/contribute/">contact us</a>.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
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